What you need to include:
- Components of a journal article reference
- Sample - article in a print journal
- Sample - article in an online journal with a doi
- Punctuation and format of a journal article reference
|Print journal article references include:||Online journal article references include:||
|Author(s) of article.||Author(s) of the article.|
|Article title.||Article title.|
|Journal title (abbreviated or full title)||Journal title (abbreviated or full title)|
|Date YYYY MMM DD;||Date YYYY MMM DD|
|Date of citation [cited YYYY MMM DD];|
|Volume number||Volume number|
|(Issue number):||(Issue number):|
|Page numbers.||Page numbers.|
|Available from: URL|
Print and online journal articles should be referenced in the same way, with additional information added to a reference to a journal article you have accessed online, this should include [Internet] after the journal title; a cited date after the date of publication; and "Available from:" and the URL added to the end.
Journal titles are abbreviated where possible. Check the abbreviation given in the journal article or check the National Library of Medicine List of Serials Indexed for Online Users. Where no abbreviation can be found use the full name of the journal. Be consistent in your use of abbreviations or full titles, ie. where you have used the full title of a journal, ensure you use the full title if you cite another article from the same journal.
Publication date is given as Year, Month, Day, where given - if the article only displays a year and month this is what you give. For online journals you also include the date you used the article
The Basic Reference List format is:
Author AA. Article title. Abbreviated Journal title. Year Month(abbrevated to 3 letters) day; volume number (issue number): pp-pp.
Use either a bracketed number or superscripted number which refers to an entry in the Reference List. If you refer to the same source again, use the same bracketed or superscripted number.
Reference List entry:
7. Denning PJ. Computational thinking in science. Am Sci 2017 Jan; 105(2): 13-17.
- Last Updated: Dec 10, 2019 12:28 PM
- URL: https://libguides.st-andrews.ac.uk/Referencing_styles
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