Referencing Styles

A guide to the reference styles used at the University of St Andrews

APA as defined by Taylor and Francis

Students on module ID4001: Communication and Teaching in Science should use the APA style as defined by the publisher Taylor and Francis.

This version is much the same as standard APA, but gives additional information on citing multiple works within a single citation; how to distinguish works by the same author(s) published in the same year; managing secondary sources; referring to classical works; referring to personal communications; managing tables and figures; managing works not in English; managing US publishers; working with multi-work volumes; advance publication journal articles; citing supplementary materials; citing editorials in journals; citing conference proceedings, unpublished works, newspaper articles, reports, patents, maps, Acts, audio/visual media; databases and datasets and computer programmes.