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- Referencing something mentioned in another source (Secondary Referencing)
What you need to include:
- Components of a website reference
- Sample - online government report
- Punctuation and format of a website reference
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association gives a number of examples of references to online materials on pages 350-352. Alternatively the APA Style blog provides examples
In general, you are advised to include the same components, in the same order as you would for a print resource, and append the reference with the key elements needed to find the resource online, e.g. web address.
Date Accessed should only be added to the end of the reference if the resource you are referring to is likely to change over time.
(Government Office for Science, 2016)
Reference list entry:
Government Office for Science. (2016). Future of cities: The science of cities and future research priorities. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/516407/gs-16-6-future-cities-science-of-cities.pdf
Ensure you include all the punctuation required in your reference.
- In-text citations are within parenthesis, and contain the author(s) surname(s) and year of publication. The page number is given if you are referring to a specific page/section, always give page numbers if you are quoting. If you refer to the authors within your text, only the date is needed in your in-text citation. If you refer to the year in your text, only the author(s) is required in your in-text citation.
- If you can identify the author include this information.
- For multiple authors follow the advice in the Author Rules tab, paying attention to the use of commas, ampersand, and ellipses.
- (Date) is always within parenthesis, and followed with a "."
- Provide the title of the webpage to which you are referring.
- Provide a URL to the specific page you are referring to at the end of the reference.
- No full stop is given.
- The second and subsequent lines of each reference should be indented.
- The reference list should be double line spaced.
Examples of references for a range of online materials can be found in the Publications Manual of the American Psychological Association, pp.350-352 The Manual is available in the Library
- Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association by American Psychological AssociationISBN: 9781433832161Publication Date: 2019chapter 8 covers citation rules, chapter 9 covers references lists, and chapter 10 gives a wide variety of examples of how to cite and reference a range of types of sources.
- Last Updated: May 4, 2023 12:54 PM
- URL: https://libguides.st-andrews.ac.uk/Referencing_styles
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