Referencing Styles

A guide to the reference styles used at the University of St Andrews

How to reference a book

You reference books in the same way regardless of format.  Examples are given for print and ebooks just to illustrate this.

The reference list entry for a book should contain:

  • In-text reference number
  • Author / Editor information, in the format of Initial(s). Surname. with all authors/editors listed in the order they are given in the book
  • Title of the book (italicised) 
  • Publisher
  • Place of Publication
  • Year

All components are followed by a comma, except for the year which is followed by a full-stop.

(1) Initial. Surname, Book title, Publisher, Place, Year.


(1) M. Weller, T. Overton, J. Rourke and F. Armstrong, Inorganic Chemistry, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2014.

(2) G.G. Hammes and S. Hammes-Schiffer, Physical Chemistry for the Biological Sciences, Wiley, Hoboken, 2015.