What you need to include:
- Components of a website reference
- Sample -Web page with an individual author
- Sample - Web page with an organisation as author
- Punctuation and format of a website reference
This advice related specifically to web pages, rather than all information found online. If you need to reference a book or journal article which you have accessed online, please refer to the section within this guide for books and journal articles.
Remember to evaluate the information you find on websites to ensure they are appropriate for academic use.
- Author or organisation
- Title (give the title of the specific page you are referring to)
- Place where known, Publisher or Organisation, year - where no year can be found use [n.d.]
- Date Accessed
- If referring to a specific page or section, and this can be identified with a page number, paragraph number, or heading, use this.
First footnote citation:
4. Chris Jones, Solar system facts, (Space Facts, [n.d.]) <http://space-facts.com> [accessed 15 July 2016].
Subsequent footnote citation:
Reference list entry:
Chris Jones, Solar system facts, (Space Facts, [n.d.]) <http://space-facts.com> [accessed 15 July 2016]
- Give the title of the specific webpage you are referring to
- Location, Publisher or Organisation, and date of publication should be given - if no location can be found miss this out, where no date can be found use the abbreviation [n.d.] for no date
- Where an organisation has multiple locations, and you are unable to identify which is responsible for a work, use the organisations headquarters location.
- A URL for the specific page you are referring to is given
- Provide the date accessed.
- Last Updated: Jun 30, 2020 11:02 AM
- URL: https://libguides.st-andrews.ac.uk/Referencing_styles
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