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- Referencing something mentioned in another source (Secondary Referencing)
What you need to include:
- Components of a website reference
- Sample -Web page with an individual author
- Sample - Web page with an organisation as author
- Punctuation and format of a website reference
This advice related specifically to web pages, rather than all information found online. If you need to reference a book or journal article which you have accessed online, please refer to the section within this guide for books and journal articles.
Remember to evaluate the information you find on websites to ensure they are appropriate for academic use.
- Author or organisation
- Title (give the title of the specific page you are referring to)
- Place where known, Publisher or Organisation, year - where no year can be found use [n.d.]
- Date Accessed
- If referring to a specific page or section, and this can be identified with a page number, paragraph number, or heading, use this.
The Basic in-text citation
(Surname or Organisation Name Year: page or paragraph)
The BasicBibliography Reference format is:
Surname, First Name, or Organisation, Title of webpage. (Place of Publication: Publisher or Organisation, Year) <URL> [accessed DD Month YYYY]
Jones, Chris. [n.d.] Solar system facts, (Space Facts) <http://space-facts.com> [accessed 15 July 2016]
NASA, Journey to Mars. 2016. (Washington: NASA) <http://www.nasa.gov/topics/journeytomars/index.html> [accessed 14 June 2016]
- Author surname or organisation . Organisation abbreviations can be used where these are commonly known
- Year of publication
- Page number, paragraph number if referring to a specific section of the page
- Author name is given as Surname, First name, or use the Organisation Name
- Abbreviations for organisations can be given if these are in common use, otherwise use the full name.
- Give the year of publication, where this can't be found use the abbreviation [n.d.]
- Give the title of the specific webpage you are referring to
- Location, Publisher or Organisation - if no location can be found miss this out.
- Where an organisation has multiple locations, and you are unable to identify which is responsible for a work, use the organisation's headquarters location.
- A URL for the specific page you are referring to is given
- Provide the date accessed.
- Last Updated: May 4, 2023 12:54 PM
- URL: https://libguides.st-andrews.ac.uk/Referencing_styles
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