Referencing Styles

A guide to the reference styles used at the University of St Andrews

Referencing a chapter:

Book chapter references include: Ebook references include:

Example of journal cover page

Interpreration of Landscapes by Ryan Griffis is licensed by CC BY - SA 2.0

Author(s) of chapter Author(s) of the chapter
Year Year
'Title of chapter' (italicised) 'Title of chapter(italicised)
Title of book (italicised) Title of book (italicised)
Editor(s) of book Editor(s) of book
Place of Publication Place of Publication
Publisher Publisher
Page numbers of chapter (e.g. pp. 71-76) Page numbers of chapter (e.g. pp. 71-76)

Format or Platform














General Format of in-text citation:

(Chapter Author Surname Year: page)

General Format for Bibliography:

Chapter Author Surname, First Name. Year. 'Title of Chapter', in Title of Book, ed. by Editor First name Surname of Book (Place: Publisher), pp. xx-xx

In-text citation:

(Shaughnessy 2015: 89)

Bibliography entry:

Shaughnessy, Nicola. 2015. 'Dancing with difference: moving towards a new aesthetics' in  Applied theatre: aesthetics, ed. by Gareth White (London: Bloomsbury Methuen Drama), pp. 87-122

In-text citation:

Grieshaber and McArdle 2014: 109)

Bibliography entry:

Grieshaber, Susan, and Felicity McArdle. 2014. 'Ethical dimension and perspectives on play' in The Sage handbook of play and learning in early childhood, ed. by Liz Brooker, Mindy Blaise, and Susan Edwards (Los Angeles: Sage) pp. 103-114. Sage Knowledge

In-text citation:

  • Authors Surname
  • For multiple authors follow the advice the Author Rules tab
  • Year of Publication
  • Page referring to


  • The first author / editor name is given as Surname, First name.
  • Second and subsequent author / editor names are given in the format of First Name Surname
  • For multiple authors follow the advice in the Author Rules tab, paying attention to the use of commas after each authors name, and the word 'and' before the last author
  • Date of Publication follows the author of the chapter
  • Chapter title is given within 'single quotation marks', and is italicised
  • Title is always italicised, and given in full
  • The Editors name is given First Name Surname.
  • Location is always followed with a ":"
  • Page numbers are given for the chapter
  • For E-books provide details of the format or platform the ebook was found on.