Referencing Styles

A guide to the reference styles used at the University of St Andrews

How to reference a journal article

You reference journal articles in the same way regardless of format (print or online).  Where an article doesn't give page numbers, but has a doi (digital object identifier) this can be used in place of the page numbers.

The RSC reference style advises that you use abbreviated titles rather than full journal titles in a reference, where an abbreviation for the publication can be found in the Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index (CASSI).  Where CASSI does not provide an abbreviation for a title you want to use, provide the full journal title.

The reference list entry for a journal article should contain:

  • In-text reference number
  • Author information for the article, in the format of Initial(s). Surname with all authors of the chapter listed in the order they are given,
  • Title of the journal (italicised and abbreviated)
  • Year
  • Volume number (in bold)
  • Page range / doi

All components are followed by a comma, except for the page range / doi which is followed by a full-stop.

(5) Initial. Surname, Abbreviated Journal title, Year, volume number, x-xx / doi.


(5) J. Lee, A. J, Kalin, T. Yuan, M- Al-Hashimi and L. Fang, Chem. Sci., 2017, 8, 2503-2521.

Example journal article first page

(6) B. Tam and O. Yazaydin, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, DOI: 10.1039/C7TA00101K.

Example of journal article first page