Referencing Styles

A guide to the reference styles used at the University of St Andrews

Referencing a Lecture / Presentation - Chicago Notes & Bibliography

The Chicago Manual of Style advises that you need to include the following components in a reference to a lecture of presentation:

  • Name of the Presenter(s) (In the footnote given as First Name Surname, in the Bibliography given as Surname, First Name)
  • "Title of the lecture / presentation"
  • Type of source (Lecture etc.)
  • Institution or Organisation or Society hosting the lecture / presentation
  • Place
  • Date of the lecture / presentation

In a footnote everything which follows the title of the lecture is given in parenthesis.

Footnote / Endnote Format:

First Name and Surname of Presenter, "Title of the Lecture / Presentation". (Lecture, Institution, Place, Month DD, YYYY)

Bibliography Entry:

Surname, First Name of Presenter. "Title of the Lecture / Presentation". Lecture, Institution, Place, Month DD, YYYY.

Where a lecture is subsequently published in a book, reference as a chapter in a book; where a lecture is subsequently published in a journal, reference as a journal article.

Footnote / Endnote Reference:

Erica Brady, "What can we learn from terrorist events?" (Lecture, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, October 26, 2018).

Bibliography Entry:

Brady, Erica. "What can we learn from terrorist events?" Lecture, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, October 26, 2018.

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